Open Access

On a New Hilbert-Hardy-Type Integral Operator and Applications

Journal of Inequalities and Applications20102010:812636

https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/812636

Received: 7 September 2010

Accepted: 26 October 2010

Published: 27 October 2010

Abstract

By applying the way of weight functions and a Hardy's integral inequality, a Hilbert-Hardy-type integral operator is defined, and the norm of operator is obtained. As applications, a new Hilbert-Hardy-type inequality similar to Hilbert-type integral inequality is given, and two equivalent inequalities with the best constant factors as well as some particular examples are considered.

Keywords

Positive ConstantWeight FunctionFunction SpaceIntegral OperatorReal Function

1. Introduction

In 1934, Hardy published the following theorem (cf. [1, Theorem 319]).

Theorem A.

If is a homogeneous function of degree in , , , and , then for , , and , one has
(1.1)

where the constant factor is the best possible.

Hardy [2] also published the following Hardy's integral inequality.

Theorem B.

If , , , and ; , , then one has
(1.2)

where the constant factor is the best possible (cf. [1, Theorem  330]).

In 2009, Yang [3] published the following theorem.

Theorem C.

If , , , is a homogeneous function of degree in , and for any , , then for , , , , , and , we have
(1.3)

where the constant factor is the best possible.

For , , (1.3) reduces to (1.1). We name of (1.1) and (1.3) Hilbert-type integral inequalities. Inequalities (1.1), (1.2) and (1.3) are important in analysis and its applications (cf. [46]).

Setting , , , , by applying (1.2) (for ), Das and Sahoo gave a new integral inequality similar to Pachpatte's inequality (cf. [7, 8]) as follows:
(1.4)

where the constant factor is the best possible (cf. [9]). Sulaiman [10] also considered a Hilbert-Hardy-type integral inequality similar to (1.4) with the kernel , , . But he cannot show that the constant factor in the new inequality is the best possible.

In this paper, by applying the way of weight functions and inequality (1.2) for , a Hilbert-Hardy-type integral operator is defined, and the norm of operator is obtained. As applications, a new Hilbert-Hardy-type inequality similar to (1.3) is given, and two equivalent inequalities with a best constant factor as well as some particular examples are considered.

2. A Lemma and Two Equivalent Inequalities

Lemma 2.1.

If , is a nonnegative homogeneous function of degree in with , and for any , , then and
(2.1)

Proof.

Setting , we find
(2.2)
There exists , satisfying and . Since we find
(2.3)
there exists , such that , and then
(2.4)

The lemma is proved.

Theorem 2.2.

If , , , is a homogeneous function of degree in , and for any , , then for , , ,
(2.5)
, and , one has the following equivalent inequalities:
(2.6)
(2.7)

Proof.

Setting the weight functions and as follows:
(2.8)
then by Lemma 2.1, we find
(2.9)
By Hölder's inequality (cf. [11]) and (2.8), (2.9), we obtain
(2.10)
Then by Fubini theorem (cf. [12]), it follows:
(2.11)
Since , , then by (1.2) (for , we have
(2.12)
Hence by (2.11), we have (2.7). Still by Hölder's inequality, we find
(2.13)

Then by (2.7), we have (2.6).

On the other-hand, supposing that (2.6) is valid, by (2.11) and (1.2) (for , it follows . If , then (2.7) is naturally valid; if , setting
(2.14)
then by (2.6), we find
(2.15)

Hence, we have (2.7), which is equivalent to (2.6).

3. A Hilbert-Hardy-Type Integral Operator and Applications

Setting a real function space as follows:
(3.1)
for , , define an integral operator as follows:
(3.2)
Then, by (2.7), , and is bounded with
(3.3)

Theorem 3.1.

Let the assumptions of Theorem 2.2 be fulfilled, and additionally setting . Then one has
(3.4)
where the constant factor is the best possible. Moreover the constant factor in (2.6) and (2.7) is the best possible and then
(3.5)

Proof.

Since , by (1.2), for , it follows:
(3.6)

Then, by (2.6), we have (3.4).

For , setting as follows:
(3.7)
then for , , we find
(3.8)
where , , and are indicated as follows;
(3.9)
If there exists a positive constant , such that (3.4) is still valid as we replace by , then in particular, we find
(3.10)
By (3.8) and (3.10), we find
(3.11)
Since by Fubini theorem, we obtain
(3.12)

then for in (3.10), by Lemma 2.1, we obtain . Hence , and then is the best value of (3.4).

We conclude that the constant factor in (2.6) is the best possible, otherwise we can get a contradiction by (1.2) that the constant factor in (3.4) is not the best possible. By the same way, if the constant factor in (2.7) is not the best possible, then by (2.13), we can get a contradiction that the constant factor in (2.6) is not the best possible. Therefore in view of (3.3), we have (3.5).

Corollary 3.2.

For , , , , , in (2.6), (2.7) and (3.4), one has the following basic Hilbert-Hardy-type integral inequalities with the best constant factors:
(3.13)
(3.14)
(3.15)

where , and (3.13) is equivalent to (3.14).

Example 3.3.

For , , , , and in(3.4),

(a)if , , and , then we obtain the following integral inequalities:
(3.16)
(b)if , , then we have
(3.17)
(c)if , then we find
(3.18)

where the constant factors in the above inequalities are the best possible.

Declarations

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the Emphases Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Institution, Higher Learning, College and University (no. 05Z026) and the Guangdong Natural Science Foundation (no. 7004344).

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Mathematics, Zhaoqing University, Guangdong, China
(2)
Department of Mathematics, Guangdong Institute of Education, Guangdong, China

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Copyright

© Xingdong Liu and Bicheng Yang. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.