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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

On a Generalized Retarded Integral Inequality with Two Variables

Journal of Inequalities and Applications20082008:518646

  • Received: 16 November 2007
  • Accepted: 22 April 2008
  • Published:


This paper improves Pachpatte's results on linear integral inequalities with two variables, and gives an estimation for a general form of nonlinear integral inequality with two variables. This paper does not require monotonicity of known functions. The result of this paper can be applied to discuss on boundedness and uniqueness for a integrodifferential equation.


  • Differential Equation
  • Continuous Function
  • Integral Equation
  • Positive Constant
  • Planar Region

1. Introduction

Gronwall-Bellman inequality [1, 2] is an important tool in the study of existence, uniqueness, boundedness, stability, and other qualitative properties of solutions of differential equations and integral equations. There can be found a lot of its generalizations in various cases from literature (see, e.g., [112]). In [11], Pachpatte obtained an estimation for the integral inequality
His results were applied to a partial integrodifferential equation:

for boundedness and uniqueness of solutions.

In this paper, we discuss a more general form of integral inequality:

for all . Obviously, appears linearly in (1.1), but in our (1.3) it is generalized to nonlinear terms: and . Our strategy is to monotonize functions s with other two nondecreasing ones such that one has stronger monotonicity than the other. We apply our estimation to an integrodifferential equation, which looks similar to (1.2) but includes delays, and give boundedness and uniqueness of solutions.

2. Main Result

Throughout this paper, are given numbers. Let and . Consider inequality (1.3), where we suppose that is strictly increasing such that , and are nondecreasing, such that and , , and are given, and are functions satisfying and for all .

Define functions
Obviously, , and in (2.1) are all nondecreasing and nonnegative functions and satisfy . Let
Obviously, , and are strictly increasing in , and therefore the inverses , and are well defined, continuous, and increasing. We note that

Furthermore, let which is also nondecreasing in for each fixed , and and satisfies .

Theorem 2.1.

If inequality (1.3) holds for the nonnegative function , then
for all , where
and is arbitrarily given on the boundary of the planar region

Here denotes the domain of a function.


By the definition of functions and , from (1.3) we get

for all .

Firstly, we discuss the case that for all . It means that for all . In such a circumstance, is positive and nondecreasing on and
Regarding (1.3), we consider the auxiliary inequality
for all , where is chosen arbitrarily. We claim that

for all , where is defined by (2.8).

Let denote the right-hand side of (2.11), which is a nonnegative and nondecreasing function on . Then, (2.11) is equivalent to
By the fact that for and the monotonicity of , and , we have
for all . Integrating the above from to , we get
for all . Let
From (2.15), (2.16), we obtain
for all . Let denote the right-hand side of (2.17), which is a nonnegative and nondecreasing function on . Then, (2.17) is equivalent to
From (2.13), (2.16), and (2.18), we have
for all , where is defined by (2.8). By the definitions of , and , is continuous and nondecreasing on and satisfies for . Let . Since and for , from (2.19) we have
for all . Integrating the above from to , by (2.4) we get
for all . By (2.19) and the above inequality, we obtain
for all , where is defined by (2.8). It follows from (2.5) that

which proves the claimed (2.12).

We start from the original inequality (1.3) and see that
for all ; namely, the auxiliary inequality (2.11) holds for . By (2.12), we get

for all . This proves (2.6).

The remainder case is that for some . Let
where is an arbitrary small number. Obviously, for all . Using the same arguments as above, where is replaced with , we get

for all . Letting , we obtain (2.6) because of continuity of in and continuity of , and . This completes the proof.

3. Applications

In [11], the partial integrodifferential equation (1.2) was discussed for boundedness and uniqueness of the solutions under the assumptions that
respectively. In this section, we further consider the nonlinear delay partial integrodifferential equation

for all , where , and are supposed to be as in Theorem 2.1; , , , and are all continuous functions such that . Obviously, the estimation obtained in [11] cannot be applied to (3.2).

We first give an estimation for solutions of (3.2) under the condition

Corollary 3.1.

If is nondecreasing in and and (3.3) holds, then every solution of (3.2) satisfies

and , and are defined as in Theorem 2.1.

Corollary 3.1 actually gives a condition of boundedness for solutions. Concretely, if there is a positive constant such that

on , then every solution of (3.2) is bounded on .

Next, we give the condition of the uniqueness of solutions for (3.2).

Corollary 3.2.

where are defined as in Theorem 2.1. There is a positive number such that

on . Then, (3.2) has at most one solution on , where are defined as in Theorem 2.1.



This work is supported by the Scientific Research Fund of Guangxi Provincial Education Department (no. 200707MS112), the Natural Science Foundation (no. 2006N001), and the Applied Mathematics Key Discipline Foundation of Hechi College of China.

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Mathematics, Hechi College, Guangxi, Yizhou, 546300, China
Department of Mathematics, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610064, China


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© W.-S. Wang and C.-X. Shen. 2008

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