- Open Access
Some Orlicz extended ℐ-convergent A-summable classes of sequences of fuzzy numbers
© Dutta et al.; licensee Springer. 2013
- Received: 14 July 2013
- Accepted: 4 September 2013
- Published: 7 November 2013
The article introduces some classes of sequences of fuzzy numbers extended by Orlicz functions by using the notions of ℐ-convergence and matrix transformation and investigates the classes for relationship between them as well as establishes some relevant properties. Further, the Hukuhara difference property is employed to derive a new kind of spaces and prove that such spaces can be equipped with a linear topological structure.
MSC:40A05, 40D25, 40C05, 46A45.
- sequence of fuzzy numbers
- Orlicz function
- matrix transformation
The concepts of fuzzy sets and fuzzy set operations were first introduced by Zadeh  and subsequently several authors have discussed various aspects of the theory and applications of fuzzy sets such as fuzzy topological spaces, similarity relations and fuzzy orderings, fuzzy measures of fuzzy events, fuzzy mathematical programming. Matloka  introduced bounded and convergent sequences of fuzzy numbers and studied some of their properties. Later on, the sequences of fuzzy numbers were discussed by Diamond and Kloeden , Nanda , Esi , Dutta [6–8] and many others.
u is normal, i.e., there exists such that .
u is fuzzy convex, i.e., for all and for all .
u is upper semi-continuous.
The set is compact, where denotes the closure of the set in the usual topology of R.
Lemma 1 (Talo and Basar )
is a complete metric space.
Lemma 2 (Talo and Basar )
for all .
If as , then as .
The notion of ℐ-convergence was initially introduced by Kostyrko et al. . Later on, it was further investigated from the sequence space point of view and linked with the summability theory by Salat et al. [12, 13], Tripathy and Hazarika [14–16] and Kumar and Kumar  and many others. For some other related works, one may refer to Altinok et al. , Altin et al. [19–22], Çolak et al. , Güngör  and many others.
Let X be a non-empty set, then a family of sets (the class of all subsets of X) is called an ideal if and only if for each , we have and for each and each , we have . A non-empty family of sets is a filter on X if and only if , for each , we have and for each and each , we have . An ideal ℐ is called non-trivial ideal if and . Clearly, is a non-trivial ideal if and only if is a filter on X. A non-trivial ideal is called admissible if and only if . A non-trivial ideal ℐ is maximal if there cannot exist any non-trivial ideal containing ℐ as a subset. Further details on ideals of can be found in Kostyrko et al. .
Lemma 3 (Kostyrko et al. [, Lemma 5.1])
If is a maximal ideal, then for each , we have either or .
Example 1 If we take , then is a non-trivial admissible ideal of N and the corresponding convergence coincides with the usual convergence.
Example 2 If we take , where denotes the asymptotic density of the set A, then is a non-trivial admissible ideal of N and the corresponding convergence coincides with the statistical convergence.
Recall in  that an Orlicz function M is a continuous, convex, nondecreasing function defined for such that and . If the convexity of an Orlicz function is replaced by , then this function is called the modulus function and characterized by Ruckle . The Orlicz function M is said to satisfy -condition for all values of u if there exists such that , .
Lemma 4 Let M be an Orlicz function which satisfies -condition, and let . Then, for each , we have for some constant .
for all x with .
becomes a Banach space which is called an Orlicz sequence space. The space is closely related to the space which is an Orlicz sequence space with for .
Throughout the article, N and R denote the set of positive integers and the set of real numbers, respectively. The zero sequence is denoted by θ.
Let be an infinite matrix of real numbers. We write if converges for each i.
Throughout the paper, denotes the set of all sequences of fuzzy numbers.
Definition 1 A set is said to be solid if whenever for all and .
for all and . Also, for all .
In this section we investigate the main results of this paper.
Theorem 1 The spaces , , and are linear over the field of reals.
This completes the proof. □
It is not possible in general to find some fuzzy number such that (called the Hukuhara difference when it exists). Since every real number is a fuzzy number, we can assume that is such a set of sequences of fuzzy numbers with the Hukuhara difference property.
For the next result, we consider to be the space of sequences of fuzzy numbers with the Hukuhara difference property.
Note that for all . Hence, by our assumption, the right-hand side of relation (3.1) tends to 0 as and the result follows. This completes the proof. □
provided is such that .
- (ii)Let . Then the result follows from the following inequality:
Taking in the proof of the above theorem, we have the following corollary.
provided is such that .
The proofs of the following two theorems are easy and so they are omitted.
Proposition 1 The sequence spaces are solid for and .
Hence and so . Thus the space is solid. □
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