Approximate homomorphisms and derivations on random Banach algebras
© Madadian et al.; licensee Springer 2012
Received: 2 March 2012
Accepted: 25 June 2012
Published: 5 July 2012
The motivation of this paper is to investigate the stability of homomorphisms and derivations on random Banach algebras.
1 Introduction and preliminaries
The study of stability problems originated from a famous talk Under what condition does there exist a homomorphism near an approximate homomorphism? given by S. M. Ulam  in 1940. Next year, in 1941, D. H. Hyers  answered affirmatively the question of Ulam for additive mappings between Banach spaces.
Theorem 1.1 (Th. M. Rassias)
for all. If, then the inequality (1.1) holds forand (1.2) for. Also, if for each fixedthe functionis continuous in, then A is linear.
The above theorem had a lot of influence on the development of the generalization of the Hyers-Ulam stability concept during the last three decades. This new concept is known as generalized Hyers-Ulam stability or Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability of functional equations (see [7, 16]). Furthermore, Gǎvruta  provided a generalization of Rassias’ theorem which allows the Cauchy difference to be controlled by a general unbounded function.
During the last three decades, a number of papers and research monographs have been published on various generalizations and applications of the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability to a number of functional equations and mappings (see [4, 6, 8, 9, 12, 17–19, 24] and [27–34]). We also refer the readers to the books [1, 7, 10, 16, 20, 21, 28].
where with , and they established a general solution and the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability for the functional equation (1.3) in various spaces. They proved that a function f between real vector spaces X and Y is a solution of (1.3) if and only if f is additive.
Definition 1.2 ()
T is commutative and associative;
T is continuous;
for all ;
whenever and for all .
Typical examples of continuous t-norms are , and (the Łukasiewicz t-norm).
is defined as .
Definition 1.3 ()
A random normed space (briefly, RN-space) is a triple , where X is a vector space, T is a continuous t-norm, and μ is a function from X into such that, the following conditions hold:
(RN1) for all if and only if ;
(RN2) for all , ;
(RN3) for all and .
A sequence in X is said to be convergent to x in X if, for every and , there exists a positive integer N such that whenever .
A sequence in X is called Cauchy if, for every and , there exists a positive integer N such that whenever .
A RN-space is said to be complete if and only if every Cauchy sequence in X is convergent to a point in X. A complete RN-space is said to be a random Banach space.
Theorem 1.5 ()
Ifis a RN-space andis a sequence such that, thenalmost everywhere.
Definition 1.6 A random normed algebra is a random normed space with algebraic structure such that (RN4) for all and all .
An additive mapping is called a random homomorphism if for all .
An additive mapping is called a random derivation if for all .
The theory of random normed spaces is important as a generalization of the deterministic result of linear normed spaces and also in the study of random operator equations. The random normed spaces may also provide us with the appropriate tools to study the geometry of nuclear physics and have an important application in quantum particle physics. The generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of different functional equations in random and fuzzy normed spaces and random and fuzzy normed algebras has been recently studied in Alsina , Miheţ et al. , Baktash et al. , Saadati et al. , Gordji et al. , and Park et al. .
In this paper, we prove the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of random homomorphisms and random derivations associated with the generalized additive functional equation (1.3) in random Banach algebras.
2 Main results
for all and all . Therefore, there exists a unique random homomorphism satisfying (2.4). □
for all , is a unique additive function which satisfies (2.7). We have to show that is a derivation.
for all and all . This means that D is a derivation on X. □
All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
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