- Xi Li
^{1}, - JongKyu Kim
^{2}and - Nan-Jing Huang
^{1, 3}Email author

**2010**:968271

https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/968271

© Xi Li et al. 2010

**Received: **22 October 2009

**Accepted: **9 December 2009

**Published: **12 January 2010

## Abstract

We introduce and study a class of -generalized vector variational-like inequalities and a class of -generalized strong vector variational-like inequalities in the setting of Hausdorff topological vector spaces. An equivalence result concerned with two classes of -generalized vector variational-like inequalities is proved under suitable conditions. By using FKKM theorem, some new existence results of solutions for the -generalized vector variational-like inequalities and -generalized strong vector variational-like inequalities are obtained under some suitable conditions.

## Keywords

## 1. Introduction

Vector variational inequality was first introduced and studied by Giannessi [1] in the setting of finite-dimensional Euclidean spaces. Since then, the theory with applications for vector variational inequalities, vector complementarity problems, vector equilibrium problems, and vector optimization problems have been studied and generalized by many authors (see, e.g., [2–15] and the references therein).

Recently, Yu et al. [16] considered a more general form of weak vector variational inequalities and proved some new results on the existence of solutions of the new class of weak vector variational inequalities in the setting of Hausdorff topological vector spaces.

Very recently, Ahmad and Khan [17] introduced and considered weak vector variational-like inequalities with -generally convex mapping and gave some existence results.

On the other hand, Fang and Huang [18] studied some existence results of solutions for a class of strong vector variational inequalities in Banach spaces, which give a positive answer to an open problem proposed by Chen and Hou [19].

In 2008, Lee et al. [20] introduced a new class of strong vector variational-type inequalities in Banach spaces. They obtained the existence theorems of solutions for the inequalities without monotonicity in Banach spaces by using Brouwer fixed point theorem and Browder fixed point theorem.

Motivated and inspired by the work mentioned above, in this paper we introduce and study a class of -generalized vector variational-like inequalities and a class of -generalized strong vector variational-like inequalities in the setting of Hausdorff topological vector spaces. We first show an equivalence theorem concerned with two classes of -generalized vector variational-like inequalities under suitable conditions. By using FKKM theorem, we prove some new existence results of solutions for the -generalized vector variational-like inequalities and -generalized strong vector variational-like inequalities under some suitable conditions. The results presented in this paper improve and generalize some known results due to Ahmad and Khan [17], Lee et al. [20], and Yu et al. [16].

## 2. Preliminaries

Let be the space of all continuous linear maps from to and . We denote the value of on by . Throughout this paper, we assume that is a family of closed, convex, and pointed cones of such that for all , is a mapping from into , and is a mapping from into .

In this paper, we consider the following two kinds of vector variational inequalities:

*-Generalized Strong Vector Variational-Like Inequality*(for short, -GSVVLI): for each and , find such that

which is introduced and studied by Ahmad and Khan [17]. In addition, if for each , then -GVVLI reduces to the following model studied by Yu et al. [16].

( ) If and for all , then -GSVVLI is equivalent to the following vector variational inequality problem introduced and studied by Lee et al. [20].

For our main results, we need the following definitions and lemmas.

Definition 2.1.

Definition 2.2.

Let and be two mappings. We say that is -hemicontinuous if, for any given and , the mapping is continuous at .

Definition 2.3.

A multivalued mapping is said to be upper semicontinuous on if, for all and for each open set in with , there exists an open neighbourhood of such that for all .

Lemma 2.4 (see [21]).

Let be an ordered topological vector space with a closed, pointed, and convex cone with . Then for any , we have

Lemma 2.5 (see [22]).

Let be a nonempty, closed, and convex subset of a Hausdorff topological space, and a multivalued map. Suppose that for any finite set , one has (i.e., is a KKM mapping) and is closed for each and compact for some , where denotes the convex hull operator. Then .

Lemma 2.6 (see [23]).

Let be a Hausdorff topological space, be nonempty compact convex subsets of . Then is compact.

Lemma 2.7 (see [24]).

Let and be two topological spaces. If is upper semicontinuous with closed values, then is closed.

## 3. Main Results

Theorem 3.1.

Let be a Hausdorff topological linear space, a nonempty, closed, and convex subset, and an ordered topological vector space with for all . Let and be affine mappings such that for each . Let be an -hemicontinuous mapping. If and is -monotone in then for each , , the following statements are equivalent

(ii)find , such that , for all

Proof.

This completes the proof.

Remark 3.2.

If and for all , then Theorem 3.1 is reduced to Lemma of [17].

Theorem 3.3.

Let be a Hausdorff topological linear space, a nonempty, closed, compact, and convex subset, and an ordered topological vector space with for all . Let and be affine mappings such that for each . Let be an -hemicontinuous mapping. Assume that the following conditions are satisfied

(ii) is an upper semicontinuous set-valued mapping.

Proof.

This shows that is also a KKM mapping.

Thus, -GVVLI is solvable. This completes the proof.

Remark 3.4.

The condition (ii) in Theorem 3.3 can be found in several papers (see, e.g., [25, 26]).

Remark 3.5.

If and for all in Theorem 3.3, then condition (ii) holds and condition (i) is equivalent to the -monotonicity of . Thus, it is easy to see that Theorem 3.3 is a generalization of [17, Theorem ].

In the above theorem, is compact. In the following theorem, under some suitable conditions, we prove a new existence result of solutions for -GVVLI without the compactness of .

Theorem 3.6.

Let be a Hausdorff topological linear space, a nonempty, closed, and convex subset, and be an ordered topological vector space with for all . Let and be affine mappings such that for each . Let be an -hemicontinuous mapping. Assume that the following conditions are satisfied:

(ii) is an upper semicontinuous set-valued mapping;

Proof.

Using the proof of Theorem 3.3, we obtain that is a closed subset of . Considering the compactness of and closedness of , we know that is compact.

Now we prove that for any finite set , one has Let Since is a real Hausdorff topological vector space, for each , is compact and convex. Let . By Lemma 2.6, we know that is a compact and convex subset of .

Since and for each , it follows that . Thus, for any finite set , we have Considering the compactness of for each , we know that there exists such that Therefore, the solution set of -GVVLI is nonempty. This completes the proof.

In the following, we prove the solvability of -GSVVLI under some suitable conditions by using FKKM theorem.

Theorem 3.7.

Let be a Hausdorff topological linear space, a nonempty, closed, and convex set, and an ordered Hausdorff topological vector space with for all . Assume that for each and are affine, and for all . Let be a mapping such that

(i)for each , the set is open in

Proof.

Since is a closed subset of , considering the compactness of and closedness of , we know that is compact.

Now we prove that for any finite set , one has Let Since is a real Hausdorff topological vector space, for each , is compact and convex. Let . By Lemma 2.6, we know that is a compact and convex subset of .

which is impossible. Therefore, is a KKM mapping.

Thus, -GSVVI is solvable. This completes the proof.

Remark 3.8.

If is compact, , and , then Theorem 3.7 is reduced to Theorem in [20].

## Declarations

### Acknowledgments

The authors greatly appreciate the editor and the anonymous referees for their useful comments and suggestions. This work was supported by the Key Program of NSFC (Grant no. 70831005), the Kyungnam University Research Fund 2009, and the Open Fund (PLN0904) of State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation (Southwest Petroleum University).

## Authors’ Affiliations

## References

- Giannessi F: Theorems of alternative, quadratic programs and complementarity problems. In
*Variational Inequalities and Complementarity Problems*. Edited by: Cottle RW, Giannessi F, Lions JL. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA; 1980:151–186.Google Scholar - Chen G-Y, Huang XX, Yang XQ:
*Vector Optimization: Set-Valued and Variational Analysis, Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems*.*Volume 541*. Springer, Berlin, Germany; 2005:x+306.MATHGoogle Scholar - Fang Y-P, Huang NJ: Feasibility and solvability of vector variational inequalities with moving cones in Banach spaces.
*Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications*2009, 70(5):2024–2034. 10.1016/j.na.2008.02.100MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Giannessi F (Ed):
*Vector Variational Inequalities and Vector Equilibrium, Nonconvex Optimization and Its Applications*.*Volume 38*. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands; 2000:xiv+523.Google Scholar - Göpfert A, Riahi H, Tammer C, Zǎlinescu C:
*Variational Methods in Partially Ordered Spaces, CMS Books in Mathematics*. Springer, New York, NY, USA; 2003:xiv+350.MATHGoogle Scholar - Guu S-M, Huang N-J, Li J: Scalarization approaches for set-valued vector optimization problems and vector variational inequalities.
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*2009, 356(2):564–576. 10.1016/j.jmaa.2009.03.040MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Huang NJ, Gao CJ: Some generalized vector variational inequalities and complementarity problems for multivalued mappings.
*Applied Mathematics Letters*2003, 16(7):1003–1010. 10.1016/S0893-9659(03)90087-5MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Huang NJ, Li J, Thompson HB: Generalized vector -variational inequalities and vector -complementarity problems for point-to-set mappings.
*Mathematical and Computer Modelling*2008, 48(5–6):908–917. 10.1016/j.mcm.2006.01.030MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Huang NJ, Long XJ, Zhao CW: Well-posedness for vector quasi-equilibrium problems with applications.
*Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization*2009, 5(2):341–349.MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Huang NJ, Rubinov AM, Yang XQ: Vector optimization problems with nonconvex preferences.
*Journal of Global Optimization*2008, 40(4):765–777. 10.1007/s10898-006-9113-1MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Huang NJ, Yang XQ, Chan WK: Vector complementarity problems with a variable ordering relation.
*European Journal of Operational Research*2007, 176(1):15–26. 10.1016/j.ejor.2005.06.046MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Isac G, Bulavsky VA, Kalashnikov VV:
*Complementarity, Equilibrium, Efficiency and Economics, Nonconvex Optimization and Its Applications*.*Volume 63*. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands; 2002:xviii+445.View ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Li J, Huang NJ, Kim JK: On implicit vector equilibrium problems.
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*2003, 283(2):501–512. 10.1016/S0022-247X(03)00277-4MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Long XJ, Huang NJ, Teo KL: Existence and stability of solutions for generalized strong vector quasi-equilibrium problem.
*Mathematical and Computer Modelling*2008, 47(3–4):445–451. 10.1016/j.mcm.2007.04.013MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Zhong RY, Huang NJ, Wong MM: Connectedness and path-connectedness of solution sets to symmetric vector equilibrium problems.
*Taiwanese Journal of Mathematics*2009, 13(2):821–836.MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar - Yu M, Wang SY, Fu WT, Xiao W-S: On the existence and connectedness of solution sets of vector variational inequalities.
*Mathematical Methods of Operations Research*2001, 54(2):201–215. 10.1007/s001860100147MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Ahmad R, Khan Z: Vector variational-like inequalities with -generally convex mappings.
*The Australian & New Zealand Industrial and Applied Mathematics Journal*2007, 49: E33-E46.MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar - Fang Y-P, Huang N-J: Strong vector variational inequalities in Banach spaces.
*Applied Mathematics Letters*2006, 19(4):362–368. 10.1016/j.aml.2005.06.008MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Chen G-Y, Hou S-H: Existence of solutions for vector variational inequalities. In
*Vector Variational Inequalities and Vector Equilibria*.*Volume 38*. Edited by: Gisannessi F. Kluwer Acadiemic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands; 2000:73–86. 10.1007/978-1-4613-0299-5_5View ArticleGoogle Scholar - Lee BS, Khan MF, Salahuddin : Generalized vector variational-type inequalities.
*Computers & Mathematics with Applications*2008, 55(6):1164–1169. 10.1016/j.camwa.2007.04.045MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Chen GY: Existence of solutions for a vector variational inequality: an extension of the Hartmann-Stampacchia theorem.
*Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications*1992, 74(3):445–456. 10.1007/BF00940320MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Fan K: Some properties of convex sets related to fixed point theorems.
*Mathematische Annalen*1984, 266(4):519–537. 10.1007/BF01458545MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Taylor AE:
*An Introduction to Functional Analysis*. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA; 1963.Google Scholar - Aubin J-P, Ekeland I:
*Applied Nonlinear Analysis, Pure and Applied Mathematics*. Wiley-Interscience, New York, NY, USA; 1984:xi+518.MATHGoogle Scholar - Ahmad MK, Salahuddin : Existence of solutions for generalized implicit vector variational-like inequalities.
*Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications*2007, 67(2):430–441. 10.1016/j.na.2006.06.010MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar - Jabarootian T, Zafarani J: Generalized vector variational-like inequalities.
*Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications*2008, 136(1):15–30. 10.1007/s10957-007-9300-3MathSciNetView ArticleMATHGoogle Scholar

## Copyright

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.