- Research Article
- Open Access

# New Iterative Schemes for Asymptotically Quasi-Nonexpansive Mappings

- Yonghong Yao
^{1}Email author and - Yeong-Cheng Liou
^{2}

**2010**:934692

https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/934692

© Y. Yao and Y.-C. Liou. 2010

**Received:**20 December 2009**Accepted:**15 January 2010**Published:**21 January 2010

## Abstract

We consider an iterative scheme for approximating the common fixed points of two asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mappings in the intermediate sense in Banach spaces. The present results improve and extend some recent corresponding results of Lan (2006) and many others.

## Keywords

- Banach Space
- Positive Integer
- Real Number
- Iterative Process
- Iterative Algorithm

## 1. Introduction

Let be a nonempty subset of a real Banach space . Let be a mapping. We use to denote the set of fixed points of . Recall that a mapping is said to be generalized asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive with respect to and if there exists the sequences and with and as such that

for all , and . It is clear that if is nonempty, then the asymptotically nonexpansive mapping, the asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mapping, and the generalized quasi-nonexpansive mapping are all the generalized asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mapping.

Recall also that a mapping is said to be asymptotically quasi-nonexpasnive in the intermediate sense provided that is uniformly continuous and

Remark 1.1.

From the above definition, if is nonempty, it is easy to see that the generalized asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mapping must be the asymptotically quasi-nonexpasnive mapping in the intermediate sense.

It is well known that the concept of asymptotically nonexpansive mapping, which is closely related to the theory of fixed points in Banach spaces, is introduced by Goebel and Kirk [1]. An early fundamental result due to Goebel and Kirk [1] proved that every asymptotically nonexpansive mapping of a nonempty closed bonded and convex subset of a uniformly convex Banach space has a fixed point. Since 1972, the weak and strong convergence problems of iterative sequences (with errors) for nonexpansive mappings, asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in the setting of Hilbert space or Banach space, have been studied by many authors; please see, for example, [1–29] and the references therein. Recently, Zhou et al. [30] introduced a class of new generalized asymptotically nonexpansive mappings and gave a sufficient and necessary condition for the modified Ishikawa and Mann iterative sequences to converge to fixed points for the class of mappings. Define the Ishikawa iterative process involving the generalized asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in a Banach space as follows.

where and are two real sequences in satisfying some conditions. For details, we can refer to [31–33]. Very recently, Lan [3] introduced a new class of iterative procedures as follows:

Let be given mappings. Then, for arbitrary and , the sequence in defined by

is called the generalized modified Ishikawa iterative sequence.

Further, Lan [3] remarked that the above iterative processes include many iterative processes as special cases and he gave a sufficient and necessary condition for the iterative sequence to converge to the common fixed points for two generalized asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mappings.

It is our purpose in this paper that we will extend the above iterative processes to the more general iterative processes and give a sufficient and necessary condition for two asymptotically quasi-nonexpasnive mapping in the intermediate sense. Our result extends the corresponding results of Lan [3], Zhou et al. [30], and many others.

## 2. Preliminaries

Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a real Banach space . Let be given mappings. For given , the sequence in defined iteratively by

is called the more general modified Ishikawa iterative sequence, where and are sequences in , and and are sequences in satisfying some conditions.

If we replace and in all the iteration steps by , then the sequence defined by (2.1) becomes to (1.4) which is studied by Lan [3].

If we replace and in all the iteration steps by and , respectively, then the sequence defined by (2.1) becomes to

If we replace and in all the iteration steps by , then the sequence defined by (2.1) becomes to

If in (2.1), then the sequence defined by

is called the more general modified Mann iterative sequence.

It is clear that the iterative processes (2.1) include many iterative processes as special cases.

In the sequel, we need the following lemmas for the main results in this paper.

Lemma 2.1 (see [32]).

If and , then exists. In particular, if has a subsequence converging to zero, then .

## 3. Main Results

Theorem 3.1.

Assume that , and .

where denotes the distance between and the set .

Proof.

The necessity is obvious and so it is omitted.

Next we prove that is a Cauchy sequence in .

This implies that is a Cauchy sequence in . Thus, the completeness of implies that must be convergent. Assume that as .

and so . This completes the proof.

We can conclude immediately Theorem in [3], which can be reviewed as a corollary of Theorem 3.1.

Corollary 3.2.

Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a real Banach space and for , let be a generalized asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mapping with respect to and such that in , and , where and . Assume that and .

where denotes the distance between and the set .

Proof.

We note that condition implies and . From the boundedness of , and (1.1), we can obtain . It is easy to see that all conditions of Theorem 3.1 are satisfied; it follows from Theorem 3.1; we can conclude our desired result. This completes the proof.

Theorem 3.3.

Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a real Banach space . Let be asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mappings in the intermediate sense such that . For any given , let the sequences and be defined by (2.3). Assume that .

Proof.

The necessity is obvious and so it is omitted.

where . The rest proof follows as those of Theorem 3.1 and therefore is omitted. This completes the proof.

From Theorem 3.1, we can obtain the following results.

Theorem 3.4.

Assume that and .

Remark 3.5.

Constructing iterative algorithms for approximating (common) fixed points of some nonlinear operators has been studied extensively. It is worth mentioning that our iterative scheme (2.1) appears to be a new one, which includes many iterative schemes as special cases. Our results improve and extend the corresponding results of Lan [3], Chang et al. [4], Xu and Noor [7], Zhou et al. [30], and many others.

## Declarations

### Acknowledgments

The authors are extremely grateful to three anonymous referees for their useful comments and suggestions which improved the manuscript. The second author was supported in part by NSC 98-2622-E-230-006-CC3 and NSC 98-2923-E-110-003-MY3.

## Authors’ Affiliations

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