On Certain Multivalent Starlike or Convex Functions with Negative Coefficients

Abstract

By means of a differential operator, we introduce and investigate some new subclasses of -valently analytic functions with negative coefficients, which are starlike or convex of complex order. Relevant connections of the definitions and results presented in this paper with those obtained in several earlier works on the subject are also pointed out.

1. Introduction

Let denote the class of functions of the following form:

(1.1)

which are analytic and multivalent in the open unit dics

Let denote the th-order ordinary differential operator for a function  , that is,

(1.2)

where ;

Next, we define the differential operator as

(1.3)

In view of (1.3), it is clear that

(1.4)

If we take and for , then become the differential operator defined by Slgean [1].

Finally, in terms of a differential operator defined by (1.3) above, let denote the subclass ofconsisting of functionswhich satisfy the following inequality:

(1.5)

where , , , ; ;

For , , and , we define the next subclasses of

(1.6)

where ; ; ;

Remark 1.1.

() was studied by Nasr and Aouf [2] (also see Bulboac et al. [3]).

() and , were introduced by Srivastava et al. [4].

() and , were introduced by Silverman [5].

() and were introduced by Parvathan and Ponnusanny [6, pages 163-164].

() For and , the classes , , and are closely related with , , and which are defined by Owa and Sălăgean in [7].

In this paper we give relationships between the classes of , , and In the particular case when and , , and , we obtain the same results as in [8].

2. Main Results

Our main results are contained in

Theorem 2.1.

Let , and let ; then

(1)

(2)

(3)if , then

(2.1)

(4)if , then ;

(5)if , then

Proof.

() Let We prove that

(2.2)

If has the series expansion

(2.3)

then

(2.4)

We use the fact that for andthese imply

(2.5)

for

From (2.4) and (2.5), we deduce

(2.6)

By using the definition of from this last inequality we, obtain (2.2) which implies

(2.7)

hence

() Let be in Then (2.7) holds and, by using (2.3), this is equivalent to

(2.8)

For if , from (2.8) we obtain

(2.9)

which is equivalent to

(2.10)

Then multiplying the relation last inequality with we obtain

() if is a real positive number, then the definitions of and are equivalent, hence By using () and () from this theorem, we obtain ().

() We have the following two cases.

Case 1.

Let be defined by

(2.11)

and let We have

(2.12)

or

(2.13)

and then(see the definition of ).

Let now

(2.14)

Then, by a simple computation and by using the fact that

(2.15)

we obtain

(2.16)

where, , and

(2.17)

For we, have where is the disc with the center

(2.18)

(2.19)

We have where and we deduce that for all does not hold.

We have obtained that for but and in this case

Case 2.

We consider the function defined by (2.11) for In this case, the inequality (2.13) holds too and this implies that

We also obtain that like in Case 1.

() Let be given by (2.11), whereand Then

(2.20)

which implies that

(2.21)

We have

(2.22)

where is given by (2.17).

From where and are given by (2.18) and (2.19), we obtain

(2.23)

If and, then

(2.24)

and if

(2.25)

then (2.24) also holds. By combining (2.24) with (2.23) and the definition of , we obtain that

(2.26)

References

1. Sălăgean GŠ: Subclasses of univalent functions. In Complex Analysis—Fifth Romanian-Finnish Seminar Part 1 (Bucharest, 1981), 1983, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Volume 1013. Springer; 362–372.

2. Nasr MA, Aouf MK: Starlike function of complex order. The Journal of Natural Sciences and Mathematics 1985, 25(1):1–12.

3. Bulboacă T, Nasr MA, Sălăgean GŞ: Function with negative coefficients -starlike of complex order. Universitatis Babeş-Bolyai. Studia Mathematica 1991, 36(2):7–12.

4. Srivastava HM, Owa S, Chatterjea SK: A note on certain classes of starlike functions. Rendiconti del Seminario Matematico della Università di Padova 1987, 77: 115–124.

5. Silverman H: Univalent functions with negative coefficients. Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society 1975, 51: 109–116. 10.1090/S0002-9939-1975-0369678-0

6. R. Parvathan and S. Ponnusanny, Eds., “Open problems,” World Scientific, 1990, Conference on New Trends in Geometric Function Theory and Applications.

7. Owa S, Sălăgean GS: Starlike or convex of complex order functions with negative coefficients. Sūrikaisekikenkyūsho Kōkyūroku 1998, (1062):77–83.

8. Owa S, Sălăgean GS: On an open problem of S. Owa. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 1998, 218(2):453–457. 10.1006/jmaa.1997.5808

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Correspondence to Shigeyoshi Owa.

Appendix

In this paper, we discuss the class of analytic functions with negative coefficients. Let us consider the functions given by

(A.1)
which are analytic in . For such a function , we say that if it satisfies
(A.2)
for some complex number with .If we define the function for by
(A.3)
then we know that is analytic in , , and . Thus is the Carathéodory function. Since the extremal function for the Carathéodory function is given by
(A.4)
we can write
(A.5)
This shows us that
(A.6)
Noting that
(A.7)
we see that
(A.8)
that is,
(A.9)
It follows from the above that
(A.10)
Calculating the above integrations, we have that
(A.11)
Therefore, we obtain that
(A.12)
that is,
(A.13)
Consequently, the function defined by the above is the extremal function for the class . But our class is defined with analytic functions with negative coefficients. Thus we do not know how we can consider the extremal function for this class.

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Uyanik, N., Deniz, E., Kadioǧlu, E. et al. On Certain Multivalent Starlike or Convex Functions with Negative Coefficients. J Inequal Appl 2010, 751721 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/751721

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• DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/751721

Keywords

• Differential Operator
• Convex Function
• Series Expansion
• Simple Computation
• Open Unit