- Research Article
- Open Access
Jensen's Inequality for Convex-Concave Antisymmetric Functions and Applications
© S. Hussain et al. 2008
- Received: 21 February 2008
- Accepted: 11 August 2008
- Published: 9 September 2008
The weighted Jensen inequality for convex-concave antisymmetric functions is proved and some applications are given.
- Convex Function
- Related Result
- Classical Case
- Main Motivation
- Simple Proof
holds for every and every (see [1, Chapter 2]).
holds for every , where (see [1, page 7]).
Another way of weakening the assumptions for (1.1) is relaxing the assumption of positivity of weights . The most important result in this direction is the Jensen-Steffensen inequality (see, e.g., [1, page 57]) which states that (1.1) holds also if and , where .
The main purpose of this paper is to prove the weighted version of Theorem 1.1. For some related results, see [4, 5]. In Section 3, to illustrate the applicability of this result, we give a generalization of the famous Ky-Fan inequality.
so the proof is complete.
Neither condition , nor condition , can be removed from the assumptions of Theorem 2.1. To see this, consider the function on . That the first condition cannot be removed can be seen by considering , and . That the second condition cannot be removed can be seen by considering , and . In both cases, (1.1) does not hold.
Recall that a function is 3-convex if for , and , where denotes third-order divided difference of . It is easy to prove, using properties of divided differences or using classical case of the Levinson inequality, that if is a 3-convex function, then the function is convex on (see [1, pages 71-72]).
where (see [6, page 295]).
In the following corollary, we give an improvement of the Ky-Fan inequality.
which by obvious rearrangement implies (3.6).
The research of J. Pečarić and I. Perić was supported by the Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sports, under the Research Grants 117-1170889-0888 (J. Pečarić) and 058-1170889-1050 (I. Perić). S. Hussain and J. Pečarić also acknowledge with thanks the facilities provided to them by Abdus Salam School of Mathematical Sciences, GC University, Lahore, Pakistan. The authors also thank the careful referee for helpful suggestions which have improved the final version of this paper.
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